Are you familiar of the unsinkable ship? This ship, the Titanic, which is believe to be unsinkable unfortunately sunk due to an iceberg. If only there’s an icebreaker that time. It is not a human, an animal or a tool. Like the well-known Titanic, it is also a ship. What is an icebreaker and what are its characteristics?
The term defines itself. Icebreaker is a ship which is really made to break an ice. It is a ship or boat having special purpose. The ship can move and can be navigated through the waters covered by ice .The term icebreaker usually denotes to an ice-breaking ships. On the other hand, the term may also denote smaller vessels like the icebreaking boats.
For a ship to be called an icebreaker, it must comply with certain requirements or attributes. An icebreaker has three significant attributes that are not present common ships. They are the following:
The pushing power in the sea ice
Icebreakers literally let their sloping bows towards the ice and afterwards break it using the weight of the ship. This occurs in very thick ice where in the ship will keep on. Then the ice having a low bending capacity will easily be broken and will submerge below the hull. To minimize the forces due to the crushing and breaking of the ice is one of the main goals in designing the ship.
There’s no question regarding the icebreaking capability of the icebreaker. The attributes of the said ship made it that efficient in serving its purpose. The h-v-curve will enable you to determine the ship’s breaking capability. The device show the speed the icebreaker is going to achieve. There are still other alternatives on how to measure the vessels capacity. One is through a pressure ridges which helps in performing model tests in ice tank.
In minimizing icebreaking forces, the hull lines of the ship plays an important role. Those lines are usually made to insure that the flare located in the waterline will be as small as possible. This results in the rounded or sloping stem, sloping sides and also a short parallel middle ship. Some of these ships consist of a hull having a wider bow than in the stern. The propulsion system of the ship, propeller shafts and others are one of the external components of the icebreaker. They have greater possibility of risk in these on than the ship’s hull. Thus, the capability of the ship to drive itself towards the ice is vital for its safety.
The features of these ship and it functions made it existence special. This ship might not have significance to the people living in tropical area, but for the persons experiencing a four seasons the icebreaker brings a lot of benefit. It may truly be wonderful how things work and created in this world. The only thing which is clear is that these creations such as the icebreaker are created for human use considering their safety and welfare. Human beings can also be an icebreaker but only a small portion of this ice. Icebreaker in the greater sense, a kind of ship, is involved in breaking larger pieces of ice.